Author: nchmnpls-manager

Categories fiberglass pool pool maintenance

6 Things You Must Consider Before Buying an Inground Pool

Before buying an inground pool, you should carefully consider the costs. Inground pools can cost $50,000 or more, while an above-ground one is considerably less. The bare minimum price for an inground swimming pool is $20,000, although some models cost as much as $100,000. Inground pools can be a great addition to any backyard, as they are easy to install and maintain. Before you buy an inground swimming pool, you should check with your local zoning authorities to make sure that it will not violate any zoning laws.

Pool Lighting

Adding lighting to your inground pool is an attractive option and can also help protect the pool area. LEDs and fiber optics are energy-efficient and can be controlled with a cell phone. Depending on the features you want, these lights can cost from $100 to $300 per 50-watt light. Although lighting can be added after your pool is installed, it is best to install it at the same time as the pool. If you want to have a light show around the swimming area at night, you can install energy-efficient lights.

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Adding a fence

Adding a fence is another important feature to consider. While fences are optional, they do increase the cost of a swimming pool. However, they are not illegal, and cannot be removed by law. If you want to add a fence to your pool, make sure that it isn’t attached to the house. This will add more to the cost of your pool. After all, it’s part of the installation process.


When it comes to maintenance, an inground pool can add a great deal to the property’s value. Even if you decide to use a professional in the installation process, regular cleaning and care will keep it in top shape. Regardless of whether you choose a do-it-yourself project or hire a contractor, you’ll still need to pay a minimum of $250 a month in maintenance costs. The cost for inground pools depends on the size, shape, and materials used.

Fiberglass pools are the most affordable and easiest to install, but they can be expensive. A fiberglass pool shell is similar to that of a hot tub, so it is manufactured before installation. The material used is gelcoat, which helps prevent algae from growing. Besides, fiberglass pools are low-maintenance, so you’ll need to maintain them less than an above-ground pool. The average price for an inground pool is five to ten times that of an above-ground model.

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An inground pool may be the best choice for your home. However, if you’re looking for a pool that will last for decades, you should spend a bit more money. The cost of labor can vary greatly, so it’s important to consider how much you can afford before you make the final purchase. A large inground swimming pool can cost as much as $4,000 if not more. If you have limited funds, you’ll need to find a cheaper above-ground swimming pool.


The average inground swimming pool is fourteen feet by twenty-eight feet, and is one of the largest inground pools in the U.S. This size can fit any backyard. Compared to other inground swimming pools, concrete pools can fit into any yard. You may also want to consider a plunge pool if you have limited space. It is a small, cold-water pool that is ideal for kids and athletes. If you’re looking to install a pool in a small yard, a plunge pool is a great solution.

Style and Design

Before choosing an inground swimming pool, it is essential to determine the style and design of the pool you’re planning to install. Considering how you plan to use it and how large your backyard is will help you narrow down your options. An inground pool can look very nice on the outside, but the added landscaping will make it look like an after-thought. You can choose between a family pool and a party pool, so take your time to decide.

Finding a contractor

Before purchasing an inground swimming pool, contact at least three contractors in your area. You can compare their prices and find the right one for your budget and needs. Remember, finding a good contractor will make the whole process a lot easier. Inground swimming pools are extremely versatile and durable. When you select a company to build your pool, don’t be afraid to ask questions and visit them in person to get the best prices. Aside from knowing the type of materials they use, you can also discuss the features that you want in your inground pool.

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Categories fiberglass pool

Fiberglass Pool Installation The Turn-Key Approach

Fiberglass Pool Installation

Fiberglass Pool Installation is fast and easy, but you have to make sure you hire a licensed contractor. There are many different pool companies to choose from. The cost of these services may vary. It’s recommended to hire a professional contractor. Inexperienced workers may cause the pool to be off-kilter or uneven, so it’s best to ask about their insurance and warranty plans. Buying a fiberglass pool from a store without a professional guarantee may leave you with uninsured, bonded, and damaged property. You might save a few thousand dollars upfront, but the cost of making a claim could be more expensive in the future.

Choosing a qualified fiberglass pool installation company can save you a lot of money and headaches later. A reputable company will give you a quote for the installation before starting work. Be sure to ask about the cost of various installation packages. A quality installer will explain all prices before you sign anything. If you have any questions, you can always contact them directly. If you decide to hire a professional, they will also guarantee their work.

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After the shell is backfilled, you should install the skimmer box and install the PVC pipe and deep end-suction fittings. You should also place backfill material on both sides of the fiberglass walls, which should be flowable and equal. Remember to install a groundwater access pipe if needed. A swimming pool can be expensive, so make sure you hire a professional with experience and certification. You can then contact a reputable fiberglass pool installation service to have your pool installed.


After completing the installation, the installer will prepare the area for landscaping. Then, they will glue pavers over the pool coping. After the installation process is complete, they will clean the site and install the pool deck. During the process, they will also explain how to use the pool, including how to keep it looking its best. A fiberglass pool installation company should provide you with a warranty and help you decide which type of pool to purchase.

A professional fiberglass pool installation team will have all the necessary equipment to install your pool. If you have a concrete foundation, make sure to add a foot or two of water to avoid a cave-in. Before setting down the pool, you should make sure to hold the coping in place for stability. Once all of the pieces are in place, the next step is to fill the pool with water. You can choose between multi-coat and solid-color finishes, and they will determine which type of finish will suit your needs the best.


When it comes to fiberglass swimming pools, they are much easier to install than other types of pools. A fiberglass pool is delivered to the site and installed as a single piece. Once the pool is leveled, it’s time to backfill it. Then, it’s essential to check for any open spots or uneven areas. It’s best to keep the water level at the lowest point on the steps or swim out of the pool.

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Once the ground is leveled, the fiberglass pool installation crew will carefully dig the hole for the fiberglass pool. A sand base is laid to prevent soil erosion. Then, the contractor will install the pool. The whole process may take one day to 3 days, depending on the size and type of the hole. A well-planned installation is essential to ensure that your new swimming pool is safe and secure. You can choose the right contractor based on your budget and skill level.

While fiberglass pools are considered high-end, they are also inexpensive. You can not do it yourself. You are better to hire a company. Compared to other types of pool construction, it’s easier to maintain and repair. It’s also less expensive than concrete, so it’s an excellent option for busy homeowners. Inexpensive and easy to install, fiberglass pools can be a good investment for your family.

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Categories fiberglass pool pool maintenance

Pool Renovation

Pool Renovation

One of the best ways to add value to your home is through a pool renovation. These upgrades can be as simple as replacing outdated equipment with modern ones, or as involved as adding a new firepit and water feature. Whether you decide to remodel your pool’s entire surface, or simply renovate a single component, it is always a good idea to plan a budget before starting work. Here are some tips to help you make your decision:

Replace the top layer

Refinishing a pool is an easy way to update it. In most cases, all it requires is replacing the top layer of the pool’s surface. Afterward, it will have a lustrous, smooth surface and a fresh coat of sealant. If you’re considering a refinishing job, be sure to start early to avoid having to replace expensive parts during winter. It’s best to start the project before the first hard freeze, so you can be sure you’ll be able to enjoy your pool in the spring.


Change the border

The most popular way to transform an old pool is to change the look of the border. Choosing a material that’s easy to clean and durable is also helpful. Ceramic tile, for example, is a good choice. The variety of colors and patterns available is ideal for pools in warmer regions of the U.S., but it is also attractive if the color is visible even when it’s not in the water. You can use either the natural stones or the ceramic tiles.


The best way to prevent problems in the future is to renovate your pool. You should consider using energy-efficient designs, which can reduce your utility bills. Furthermore, your new pool will be eco-friendly. If you decide to upgrade, consider installing an alarm system to alert you if anyone attempts to access the pool. If you plan to renovate your pool, ensure that the renovation will be finished on time. You should also check the surface condition of the existing pool.

Depending on your needs, you may need to change your existing pool’s location. Some homeowners prefer to renovate their pool in order to save money. A salt-chlorine system will save you money by removing the old surface. A salt-chlorine system will make the water more appealing. Unlike a traditional salt-chlorine system, an ultraviolet-ozone system will also improve the look of your pool. You should be careful not to install the old wall section. It will ruin the appearance of the new pool.


The process of renovating your pool is a great way to save money. If you do not know how to do this, you should look for a pool renovation service that has experience with this type of project. A professional will know how to do the work and can provide you with the best results. If you are planning to renovate your pool yourself, make sure to hire a reliable and experienced general contractor.


When considering a pool renovation, you should consider the cost. A complete resurfacing may cost between $5,000 and $10,000. Depending on the type of surface you choose, it may take up to three days to complete the project. You should also consider the size and shape of your pool. A resurfacing process is more affordable than a simple patch job.

Hire a professional

When remodeling your pool, you should hire a professional who has experience and the knowledge of the construction process. A professional will be able to provide an accurate estimate and do the work correctly. This will prevent you from wasting time on the project. In addition, a professional will be able to give you a free quote and assess the scope of the project. The contractor should also be able to provide a quote within a reasonable timeframe.

Some of the best pool renovations are not only beautiful but are also functional. It’s important to consider the aesthetics of a pool. If you want a modern pool, you may want to install mosaic tiles. Adding a waterfall or fountain is an excellent way to increase the value of a pool. The design of a swimming pool can be changed or shaped to match your personal needs. Another option is to replace existing tiles with modern ones.

Categories fiberglass pool pool maintenance

How Do You Take Care of a Fiberglass Pool?

Fiberglass pool maintenance is relatively easy and doesn’t require a lot of work. The only thing you need to do is to maintain the pool’s interior gel coat and add new paint. You may want to hire a landscaper to do this job for you, but if you’re handy with tools and don’t mind getting your hands dirty, you can do it yourself. While it might seem expensive, a single-color swimming tub is the best option for low-cost, quick fiberglass pool maintenance.

The best way to clean a fiberglass pool is to regularly brush and vacuum. Ideally, the water level in your pool should reach the center of the skimmer plate. If the water level is low, it may cause damage to the surface. In order to maintain the skimmer’s efficiency, you should have the water level at the center of the skimmer. To avoid damage, use nylon bristled brushes to clean the surface.

Depending on the size of your pool, you can either hire a professional to perform this task, or do it yourself. The process can take anywhere from three to five hours, depending on the type of chemical used. While it can be challenging to complete, you can save a lot of money and hassle by following best practices and following the instructions. A well-maintained fiberglass pool is safe and beautiful for many years to come. If you want to get the most from your fiberglass swimming pool, you should follow these guidelines.

Another important factor in maintaining your fiberglass swimming pool is ensuring that the water is well balanced. This means that your pool’s chemistry should fall between 3.5 and 3.0 parts per million. The pH level should be between 7.6 and 7.2. A good guideline for adding chemicals is to check the level of chlorine every week. Make sure the filter runs for six to eight hours a day, and alkalinity should be between 100 and 150 parts per million. It is also recommended that you add water conditioner every couple of weeks.

When it comes to maintaining the water in your fiberglass pool, you should always follow the manufacturer’s instructions. You should check the level of dissolved solids and pH regularly. Having these levels in perfect balance will make it easier to maintain the structure of your pool. You should also check the pH of the water if it’s out of balance. By using the right chemicals, you can prevent algae growth, which is beneficial for your fiberglass pool.

When opening your fiberglass pool, you should be mindful of pollen, which can cause yellowish-green stains. In addition to pollen, tree debris can also cause yellowish-green stains on the surface. If you notice these stains, make sure to wipe the area down with a bleach tablet or other soft material to remove the stain. When cleaning your fiberglass swimming pool, you should also check the pH levels. They should be at least 21 degrees Celsius.

When it comes to fiberglass pool maintenance, you should never use harsh chemicals in the water. Using a harsh chemical can alter the chemical balance of the pool, causing the fiberglass to break down and deteriorate. For this reason, you should test any non-abrasive cleaning solution you’re planning to use on the pool walls before using it on the whole. It’s advisable to first try it on an inconspicuous area before putting it in your pool.

While fiberglass pools can be difficult to maintain, it still requires routine cleaning. The pH and total alkalinity levels of the water must be regularly checked to avoid algae and other contaminants. It is best to use a filter for fiberglass pools. Continuous filtration is useful when you need to add more water to the pool, but this does not keep the pH balanced. If you notice any changes in pH, you should add a new filter. Using a pool vacuum will prevent dirt and debris from clogging the system.

To avoid algae and other contaminants, you must regularly test the water and maintain the correct pH level. For the best results, you should use a variable speed filter system. This type of filter system will cost between $30 and $150 per month. During the first seven days, you should make sure to do a weekly test of the pH level of your water. If you’re using a one-speed system, the cost of your filter will be higher.


Categories fiberglass pool pool maintenance

How To Winterize a Pool : Step by Step Guide

By winterizing your pool, you can help protect your pool from weather related damage while it’s not in use.

It’s That Time of The Year Again.

We have enjoyed the pool all summer and sadly the evenings are getting cold, and the days are not warming up like they do during the summertime to let the pool have a rest and hibernate for the winter.  So, let’s go over a few things so you can winterize the pool correct and have it ready for you next spring.

Pool Chemicals

Your pool and even the chemicals you use are made to be used during the summer and we need to have the pool ready before any thing freezes. It is important that you prepare the pool surface, water, chemicals, all pumps, filters, heaters, and other equipment where water flows for the winter months.

When Should I Winterize My Pool?

This answer will depend on where you live but the answer is the same close your outdoor pool before the outside temperature drops below freezing.  This includes pools with solar heat or an electric heat pump as they are not made to work in cold temperatures.

If you have a gas or propane heater you can keep the pool open year-round but remember it will cost, as nothing can be allowed to freeze.


The following are the basic steps to winterizing your pool:

  1. Remove all accessories, toys, and any non-essential equipment.  Even ladders and water features if can be removed should be so they are not damaged by the elements.
  2. Thoroughly clean your pool. The surface should have all debris cleaned and either vacuum or run the cleaning robot, so everything is out.  Anything left behind that is biodegradable or will decompose will cause stains on the pool surface and you do not want those surprises next spring.
  3. Now it is time to brush, shock and sanitize the pool water thoroughly. Run the pool pump for 24 hours to allow the shock and sanitizing chemicals to be able to clean every part of the pool.
  4. Now it is time to either drain or lower the water in your pool, remember a fiberglass pool should NEVER be completely drained.  All you need to do is lower the water below the skimmer line. This will protect vital components in your fiberglass pool.  You can get a special tool to keep the water out of the skimmer.
  5. Now that you have lowered the water below the skimmer line you will need to remove all the plugs and water from the pump and filter system. And we mean everything this includes any water, heat pumps, decorative water features, primary pumps, and filters.  Make sure you put the plugs in a safe place so you can re-attach them next spring.
  6. Now blow out all the pools plumbing lines, usually with an air compressor and plug all the lines.
  7. Time to cover and secure the pool make sure you place the cover pump in the center to be able to remove any water that accumulates.
  8. You may use pool covers as well.

Common Mistakes

Do not make these common mistakes that happen when winterizing a pool;

  1. Don’t forget to clean your salt generator, otherwise you may be buying a new one next spring.
  2. Blow out the heater lines, remember we said everything.
  3. Clean your filter.
  4. Turn off any electrical components.  Make sure if you use a timer that has been disabled first you do not want to waste electricity or risk damage to any things left on after you have winterized the pool.

Remember your pool is a huge investment meant to last for years and proper pool maintenance will be the number one thing to help you achieve that goal when in doubt get a professional to help.


Categories fiberglass pool Pool Safety

 Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act (P&SS Act) FAQ

Q: What are public pool and spa owners/operators obligated to do to comply with the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act (P&SS Act)?


A: As of December 19, 2008, all operating public pools and spas must have drain covers that meet the ANSI/ASME A112.19.8-2007 standard on every drain/grate. In addition, if the pool has a single main drain (other than an unblockable drain), the operator must either disable the drain or install a second anti-entrapment device or system. This can take the form of an automatic shut-off system, gravity drainage system, Safety Vacuum Release System (SVRS) or suction-limiting vent system. A pool may have more than one single main drain. If a pool has dual or multiple main drains more than 3 feet apart, it may be exempt from this second requirement. Pools and spas with single main drains that are unblockable are also exempt from this requirement. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


 Q: Do I need to be in compliance with the Act on December 19, 2008 if I operate a seasonal pool or spa?

A: Pools and spas that are closed on December 19, 2008 are not required to be in compliance with the Act until the day the pool or spa is re-opened to the public. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


 Q: Is a skimmer equalizer considered a drain for purposes of determining a cover’s capacity to handle the pump system flow?

A: No. Skimmers are designed to clog and the equalizer, if present, only operates when the skimmer is not functioning, so CPSC staff does not consider them as part of a “multiple drain system.” Since there are so many different ways to consider/set the system from a percentage of flow point of view (% main drain + % skimmer), CPSC staff considers ‘system flow’ to be flow through the drain outlet(s) only, a worst case scenario. Any additional systems (such as skimmers) add some safety factor as they take some of the flow and reduce the flow required at the main drain. If the skimmers become inoperable, the system is still protected by having appropriately rated covers in place. If the scenario should be reversed (main drain(s) inoperable), it is not of significance since the skimmers should be designed to handle 100% flow and they do not present the same hazard as submerged suction outlets. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


 Q: How do I determine if my pool has multiple drains?

A: Multiple drains consist of, at a minimum, two fully submerged suction outlets per pump, with drain cover centers at least 3 feet apart (measured ‘on center’). While no maximum separation is noted in the P&SS Act, the connections between the outlets and the pump are important for proper operation and should be certified by a Registered Design Professional and inspected by a licensed inspector to ensure hydraulic balance between outlets and the main suction line to the pump. Not all pools and spas with multiple drains can be considered multiple drain systems that reduce entrapment risk. Some examples are a series of distributed outlets or multiple drains shared by more than one pool. These systems are

often not balanced. It is highly recommended that a Registered Design Professional be consulted on the design/certification of any multiple drain system. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


 Q: Are there any discussions to reschedule or extend the December 19 deadline?

A: The December 19, 2008, deadline was established by Congress and has not been amended. CPSC lacks authority to extend the deadline set by Congress. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


 Q: Are equalizer lines in public pools subject to the P&SS Act?

A: Yes. Skimmer equalizer lines are submerged suction outlets and must either be covered with a compliant cover or plugged. CPSC staff does not consider equalizer lines to be main drains. The intended function is not as a drain but rather to prevent air from entering the suction line if the water level in the pool falls below the skimmer opening. With proper maintenance (maintaining water level and clearing baskets) an equalizer line does not present the hazard addressed by the P&SS Act. Existing equalizer lines do not need to be split. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


 Q: If my pool has one main drain and one or more skimmers, does it need a second anti-entrapment device or system?

A: Yes. CPSC staff currently has no technical evidence to support claims that this type of set-up would be equivalent to a multiple main drain system. Therefore, unless the main drain is unblockable this type of set-up would require the installation of a second anti-entrapment system, as outlined in CPSC’s staff interpretation. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


 Q: Which types of pools and spas pose the greatest danger of entrapment and evisceration to consumers?

A: Children’s wading pools, other pools designed specifically for young children, and in-ground spas that have flat drain grates and single main drain systems. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


 Q: What should I do if my state or county department of health does not allow me to disable my drains or use a particular drain cover?

A: Affected pool and spa owners/operators need to be in compliance with federal safety requirements. If you believe that state or local laws make it impossible for you to comply with federal law, please contact [email protected]. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: Are maintenance drains or drains without a suction outlet in public pools subject to the P&SS Act?

A: Yes. Drains that are opened only during maintenance and used to empty the pool into a municipal sewer system are still considered submerged outlets and must be protected. These types of drains require a P&SS Act compliant drain cover, but they do not require a secondary anti-entrapment backup system. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Do inaccessible drains require a P&SS Act compliant cover?

A: No. If the drain is inaccessible due to a barrier wall, then it is an unblockable drain, the statute does not apply and a P&SS Act compliant cover is not necessary. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: If I need to modify my sump to accept a new replacement cover, need a professional engineer or a licensed professional to approve this new cover?

A: Yes, if the modification increases the flow/velocity through the rated drain cover or will substantially affect the sump structure. If the sump needs substantial modification to accept the new P&SS ACT compliant cover, then this would be considered a “field fabricated” sump and would require either the approval of a Registered Design Professional or documentation from the cover manufacturer indicating the flow rate and velocity through the cover are appropriate for the field modified sump. Modifications that may affect the connection between the cover and the sump, such as re-drilling holes which is allowed by the ASME/ANSI A112.19.8 performance standard under certain conditions, must follow cover and sump manufacturer procedures/recommendations. A Registered Design Professional must certify the cover installation when modifications are required outside those procedures. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: How do I determine if my pool has multiple drains?

A: Multiple drains consist of, at a minimum, two fully submerged suction outlets per pump, with drain cover centers at least 3 feet apart (measured ‘on center’). While no maximum separation is noted in the P&SS Act, the connections between the outlets and the pump are important for proper operation and should be certified by a Registered Design Professional and inspected by a licensed inspector to ensure hydraulic balance between outlets and the main suction line to the pump. Not all pools and spas with multiple drains can be considered multiple drain systems that reduce entrapment risk. Some examples are a series of distributed outlets or multiple drains shared by more than one pool. These systems are often not balanced. It is highly recommended that a Registered Design Professional be consulted on the design/certification of any multiple drain system. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: What types of drain covers are available for purchase?

A: A variety of drain covers have already been certified to ASME/ANSI A112.19.8-2007. These include covers that are round (for blockable and unblockable drains), 9″x 9″ square, 12″x 12″ square, and 18″x 18″ square. CPSC staff expects additional square unblockable drain covers to enter the market in 2009. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: What is the proper marking on approved drain covers?

A: Drain covers made during a short period in the summer of 2008 used the ASME symbol and/or the “ASME/ANSI A112.19.8-2007″ mark. There was then a period of time during the late summer and early fall of 2008 when no marking was placed on drain covers being made to be in compliance with the standard. Since November 12, 2008, newly made drain covers should have the “VGB 2008″ marking. You should ensure that you are using certified covers. If there is no mark or you are otherwise in doubt, contact the manufacturer and ask for a copy of the certificate. Also keep a record of where and exactly when you purchased the cover. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: Can operators pre-order approved drain covers?

A: Yes. Round covers and various square covers are available for purchase and many manufacturers are taking orders for drain covers yet to be manufactured. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: What should I do if my pool’s drain requires a field-fabricated drain cover but none is available? (For example a pool with a single L-shaped drain that is half on the pool bottom and half on the wall.)

A: Certain drains will require a field-fabricated cover. Pool owners/operators should either work to find a manufacturer who will build a custom-made cover or the pool should be re-built to have dual main drains. In the near term, owners/operators should incorporate one of the secondary anti-entrapment systems into their existing system. If the two planes of the L-shaped drain cannot be blocked simultaneously by the body blocking element defined in the ASME standard, then a secondary system is not necessary. Failure to comply with the requirements of the Act may result in pool closure. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)

Q: Who is approving new drain cover designs?

A: Third-party testing and certification is being conducted by Underwriters Laboratories, the National Sanitation Foundation, and IAPMO (The International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials). (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: I have a field-fabricated, unblockable drain cover that I believe meets the current ASME/ANSI standard. Am I required to order a new cover?

A: No. A field-fabricated cover may continue to be used where a professional engineer (PE) certifies that it meets the requirements of ASME/ANSI A112.19.8-2007, including flow rates, UV exposure, and durability. The PE must document that the drain cover meets the new standard and provide a copy of the certificate to the pool owner/operator. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: What is CPSC’s position regarding sumps and the ASME/ANSI standard?

A: CPSC staff recognizes and supports the technical requirement of the ASME/ANSI A112.19.8-2007 standard, which calls for field-built sumps to have a depth of 1.5 times the diameter of the piping; however, the federal Pool & Spa Safety Act does not require pool owners/operators to replace their sump. If a new, compliant drain cover can be safely secured onto a pre-existing sump, while properly controlling the flow rate, then it meets the intent of the law. If a PE determines that additional engineering work needs to be done to the sump to bring it into compliance with the standard and ensure a secure connection with a new cover, then that work should be carried out. Finally, if a PE determines that a new drain cover cannot be safely placed on a pre-existing sump, then the sump should be removed and replaced with a new, compliant sump that is compatible with the compliant drain covers. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: How do I calculate flow for drain covers in a multiple drain system?

A: CPSC staff, consistent with the ASME/ANSI A112.19.8 performance standard, recommends using the multiple drain calculation outlined below.

For multiple drain systems, 100% system flow is maintained when each drain cover is flow rated with any one drain completely blocked. This is a packaging/instructional requirement of the ASME/ANSI A112.19.8 performance standard and is also referenced in the ANSI/APSP-7 Entrapment Avoidance standard which was recently adopted into the International Code Council (“ICC”) building codes. Many states have adopted the International Building Code/International Residential Code (“IBC/IRC”). The P&SS Act requires compliance to the ASME/ANSI A112.19.8 performance standard.


Accordingly, the following flow calculations should be treated as guidance from CPSC technical staff consistent with the packaging requirements of the ASME/ANSI standard in order to further the goal of the P&SS Act to provide alternatives to single drain systems and reduce the drain entrapment hazard in pools and spas. Although not specifically referenced in the P&SS Act, building codes and industry standards provide important safety guidance that should be followed by the pool and spa industry.


The general concept to calculate flow for multiple drains is to assume one drain is blocked so the total flow through the remaining open drain covers meets the system requirements. The total flow is also hydraulically balanced, such that flow is distributed equally among the unblocked drain covers.

Assuming one drain is blocked, the ASME/ANSI rated flow through each unblocked drain cover is at least:

Two drains (one blocked) = each rated at total system flow

Three drains (one blocked) = each rated at 1/2 total system flow

Four drains (one blocked) = each rated at 1/3 total system flow

# of drains (one blocked) = each rated at total system flow/(# of open drains)

For one drain, the rating is the total system flow. If blockable, an additional secondary anti-entrapment system is required to be installed. If the single main drain is an unblockable drain, no further action is required.

Consult a Registered Design Professional to determine the flow and balance of specific multiple drain systems. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Is design flow or maximum flow used to apply a P&SS Act compliant drain cover to a pump system?

A: The maximum flow rate of the circulation system should be used to determine the flow rating for the outlet cover(s) needed which would include removal of all restrictions (including the filter). (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Are spray/splash pads and interactive recreational fountains subject to the P&SS Act?

A: There are numerous ways to construct spray/splash pads. Assuming there is no direct suction on the outlets for spray/splash pads, the pads drain via gravity on a slightly sloped surface to a tank where the water is then pulled via a pump and sprayed back. Generally, the outlets are not submerged, or if they are submerged it is minimal. Spray/splash pads with no direct suction on the outlets are not subject to the P&SS Act. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Are whirlpool bathtubs located in hotel rooms subject to the P&SS Act?

A: Bathtub appliances are not subject to the P&SS Act. Hot tubs and spas are by definition included within the scope of the P&SS Act. If a structure is a hot tub, spa, or portable spa whose suction fittings are addressed by ASME/ANSI A112.19.8, the structure is included in the definition of “swimming pool or spa” under the P&SS Act. If the appliance or structure in question is one whose suction fitting requirements are addressed by ANSI A119.19.7, “Hydromassage Bathtub Appliances,” neither the appliance nor the drain cover are within the scope of the P&SS Act. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Do hydrostatic valves require P&SS Act compliant drain cover?

A: No. Hydrostatic valves are not a submerged suction outlet but rather a return when the hydrostatic valve operates. The cover for a sump with only a hydrostatic valve does not need to be P&SS Act compliant. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Do inaccessible drains require P&SS Act compliant cover?

A: No. If the drain is inaccessible due to a barrier wall, then it is an unblockable drain, the statute does not apply and a P&SS Act compliant cover is not necessary. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Are baptismal fonts in churches covered by the P&SS Act?

A: No. The P&SS Act defines swimming pool or spa as “any outdoor or indoor structure intended for swimming or recreational bathing ….” A baptismal font in a church does not meet the definition of a “swimming pool or spa” under the P&SS Act because it is not “intended for swimming or recreational bathing.” (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: Is a skimmer equalizer considered a drain for purposes of determining a cover’s capacity to handle the pump system flow?

A: No. Skimmers are designed to clog and the equalizer, if present, only operates when the skimmer is not functioning, so CPSC staff does not consider them as part of a “multiple drain system.” Since there are so many different ways to consider/set the system from a percentage of flow point of view (% main drain + % skimmer), CPSC staff considers ‘system flow’ to be flow through the drain outlet(s) only, a worst case scenario. Any additional systems (such as skimmers) add some safety factor as they take some of the flow and reduce the flow required at the main drain. If the skimmers become inoperable, the system is still protected by having appropriately rated covers in place. If the scenario should be reversed (main drain(s) inoperable), it is not of significance since the skimmers should be designed to handle 100% flow and they do not present the same hazard as submerged suction outlets. (Last Updated: June 4, 2010)


Q: My public spa has three or four drain covers, all in a small foot well. What do I need to do to comply?

A: The drain cover requirement of the new law applies to these types of public spas. They should have compliant drain covers and a second anti-entrapment system if the drains are less than 36 inches apart and not located on two planes. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: If I have a gravity drain system, am I required to change the drain cover?

A: Yes. Pools with gravity drain systems automatically fall into the category of having a second anti-entrapment system, so ensuring that the existing covers are compliant with ASME/ANSI A112.19.8-2007 or replacing them with compliant covers is all that is required. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: A pool owner installed an emergency shut-off switch for an indoor pool which is gravity fed. The existing covers are 18″ x 18″ with a 24″ diagonal. Would new drain covers with the new logo be required?

A: Drain covers compliant with ASME/ANSI 112.19.8-2007 are required on all drains of public pools and spas. If the drain on a single main drain is blockable, a secondary anti-entrapment system must also be installed. An 18″x 18″ grate with a 24″ diagonal is blockable by the body-blocking element referred to in the ASME standard. An emergency shut-off switch must be automatic to be in compliance with the requirements for the secondary anti-entrapment device. If the pool has a multiple suction outlet system, then ensuring that the existing drain covers are compliant with ASME/ANSI A112.19.8-2007 or replacing them with compliant drain covers is all that is required. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: My indoor pool has two main drains about 8 inches apart. Do I still need to install new drain covers?

A: Yes. The drain covers must be compliant with ASME/ANSI A112.19.8-2007. In addition, you will need a second anti-entrapment system since the drains are less than 36 inches apart. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: Who qualifies as a “trained or certified professional”?

A: CPSC staff recommends contacting state or local officials to determine who is qualified in your area. Experts, such as a PE or similar design professional, should be formally licensed or certified as a business and carry some level of insurance or similar protection. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: Are physical therapy pools considered to be public under the Act?

A: It depends. Therapy pools are not specifically defined under section 1404(c)(2) of the Act, but a therapy pool may not be considered a public pool depending on its accessibility to the public generally. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: Approved flow rates are determined by the drain cover manufacturers, but some state minimum standards require that the water velocity through grates not exceed 1.5 fps with one drain 100% blocked. How do we rectify this issue?

A: Drain cover ratings are based on allowable flow in gallons per minute (gpm) and tested in the laboratory under conditions to determine maximum allowable flow rate, which can result in velocities through the open area of the cover that are greater than 1.5 fps. Alignment of the flow-ratings of the covers with state requirements may require adjustments to some of the state codes. State officials may want to evaluate their code requirements in light of the new requirements made mandatory by the Act. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


Q: Who can enforce the Act?

A: The Consumer Product Safety Commission and the State Attorneys General are empowered to enforce this Act. (Last Updated: January 30, 2009)


  1. A pool maintenance company recommends replacing a pool drain cover because the drain cover is beyond the lifespan, or useful life, indicated on the drain cover. Is failure to replace a drain cover that is beyond its stated useful life a violation of the Virginia Graham Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act (VGB Act)?
  2. Failure to replace a drain cover that is beyond its stated useful life is not, in itself, a violation of the VGB Act. The requirement pertaining to useful life is a marking or labeling requirement for the drain cover manufacturer. However, CPSC believes it is good practice for pool owners and operators to inspect the drain cover often and have it professionally inspected at least annually. Pool operators should consult the maufacturer’s instructions including useful life markings or labeling. If a drain cover exhibits signs of cracking or otherwise fails to meet the performance requirements of the ANSI/APSP-16 2011, this would be considered a violation of the VGB Act, regardless of whether the useful life date has passed.

The VGB Act requires that public pools and spas in the United States be equipped with anti-entrapment devices or systems that comply with the ASME/ANSI A112.19.8 performance standard or any successor standard. ANSI/APSP-16 2011 is the successor standard to ASME/ANSI A112.19.8.

The APSP-16 standard includes design, material, assembly, and performance requirements. The APSP-16 standard also includes a section titled, “Packaging and Installation Instructions.” This section contains instructions regarding the marking or labeling of suction fittings. The standard requires that manufacturers mark fitting components “Life: X Years,” indicating the appropriate installed life in years (Section 7.1.1(b)(5)). The section also requires that manufacturers include packaging and installation instructions that contain: “Replace within ‘YY’ installed years,” for all parts (Section 7.2.1(a)(9)).

Thus, a suction fitting or drain cover satisfies the labeling requirements of the APSP-16 standard pertaining to useful life if the useful life is marked on the product and the statement “Replace within ‘YY’ installed years” is included in the packaging and installation instructions. Should a drain cover exhibit signs of cracking, CPSC Compliance staff would consider this to be in violation of ANSI/APSP-16 2011 because this condition would violate the performance requirements of the standard.

CPSC recommends that all pool operators have all drain covers inspected by a qualified professional annually, or more frequently, if required, to make sure that drain covers are fully intact (no signs of cracks, broken or missing parts, etc.) and appropriately fastened to the pool floor with the manufacturers’ recommended hardware. (Staff Interpretation February 2015)

Categories pool electricity

Will I Need to Upgrade My Electrical Service for My Pool?

Will I Need to Upgrade My Electrical Service for My Pool?

First let us state we cannot this question in a simple article. You will need to have a professional electrician look at your current electrical status and help you make the correct decision.

They are a few things you can do to get some basic information if an upgrade may be needed. First open the panel box see if there are any and how many open spaces available. lf everything is full of breakers and there are no open spaces, you made need more than a service upgrade.

They are some options; you could install tandem breakers that are able to combine two 15-amp breakers into one single space. Second option would be to install a sub-panel that would draw existing service, and this will allow for additional breakers. Keep in mind these choices will need to be determined by a professional.

How Much Electricity Will My Pool Use?

This is a great question, below is a list of the most common pool equipment with the approximate volts and amps required:

  • Pool Pump:240v, 10amps :
  • Saltwater Chlorinator:240v, approx. 5-8 amps
  • Pool Heat Pump: 240v,3 amps
  • LP/NG Pool Heater:240v,3 amps
  • Pool Lights: 12v, 3.5 amps
  • Self-Contained Hot Tub: 240v, 50 amps
  • Automatic Pool Cover: 220v,5-7 amps OR 110v, 11-13 amps

Keep in mind these are round numbers and not exact. You will need to look at the equipment you have to know exactly what numbers you are working with.

How Much Will lt Cost Me to Upgrade My Service?

The Power Company will usually do their part at no cost (remember you will be buying more electricity from them).

The fee from an electrician for service upgrade usually runs between $1,200 and $2,000, but remember this again is only an estimate and the final price willdepend on the amount of work to be done and will vary region to region.

Categories fiberglass pool

How to Keep Your Pool Well Maintained

For you to keep your swimming pool clean and healthy, proper maintenance is a must.  We will go over a few simple steps that need to be part of your routine.  By following these 3 “C”’s of pool care you will be able to have a well-cared for pool and enjoy your own personal oasis.


Run your pool pump 8-12 hours a day

Backwash or clean the filter if pressure is above 10-15 psi

Daily Clean skimmer and pump basket

Jets need to be kept facing circular and downward


Daily, brush walls, steps, ladders, low circulation areas

Skim surface daily

Vacuum at least one a week or use an automatic cleaner


The water needs to be tested 1-2 times per week

pH and alkalinity must be kept balanced

Maintain sanitizer levels

Bi-weekly shock your pool

Pool circulation is the starting point for all pool maintenance.  If your water is not moving that means your pump is not pumping, or your filter is not filtering and now you will be fighting a battle to keep your pool clean.  Stagnant water is a breeding ground for algae growth and bacteria.

Here are the parts that make up your pools circulatory system.  The skimmer, the pump, the filter and the jets. All these parts need to be in good working condition, or the water quality will suffer.  This is how they work:

  1. Pump sucks water from the pool through a skimmer.
  2. Water moves through the pump into the filter
  3. The filter cleans out particles that make your water dirty
  4. Then the water is pushed back into the pool by the jets

You should run your pool pump at least 8-12 hours a day, the more you filter your water the cleaner you will keep your pool which means the less time you will need to be scrubbing algae or balancing water.

If your pump gauge is about 10lbs or more above the normal reading (usually 10-15 psi) then it is time to backwash your filter.  If you have a cartridge filter, then you need to clean your filter cartridge.

1 to 2 times a week you need to clean your skimmer basket this is especially important to the overall maintenance of your pool.  If you have a clogged basket it makes your pump work harder to try to cycle the water.  This can decrease the life and stress the seals in your pump.  Also, FYI things like frogs can get stuck in your skimmer so you will want to remove these things in a timely manner.

To clean your skimmer basket simply turn off the pool pump and empty the removable basket.

You should also be cleaning the basket on the pump most debris will be caught in the skimmer basket, but the pump basket is also very important to be kept clean.

Also make sure your pool jets are angled away from the skimmer this will allow the water to move in a circular motion allowing the skimmer to work more efficiently.


You will need to vacuum your pool once a week and brush and skim the pool daily.  Manual maintenance is a normal part of pool ownership unless you have a robotic cleaner which will help take some of the burden off you.

Scrubbing the pool walls prevents algae, staining and scaling, this happens especially around dead area like steps, ladders, crevices and below the skimmer.  Skimming the surface of the pool with a net removes large debris such as leaves which can fall to the bottom of the pool and leave a stain if not taken care of properly. Lastly vacuuming your pool is another important part of removing debris from the pool which can reduce circulation and damage the pool.


The chemistry of the water in your pool is especially important to keeping the clear and healthy.  When you keep the water balanced you will not struggle with cloudy water, green water, or a buildup of harmful bacteria.  It will be important for you to purchase a good testing kit.

You will need to test the water weekly, one way to make things easier is to get a kit that will tell you if you need to add chemicals. You can get these items at most pool supply stores and big box retailers.  Here are some ranges to keep in mind:

  • pH: Your pH should be around 7.5
  • Calcium Hardness: Should be anywhere from 200-400 ppm
  • Alkallinity: 120 to 150 ppm
  • Chlorine: Needs to be kept stable.  You can get it in sticks, granules or tablets.
  • Phosphates: If the water is green and cloudy it is possible that your phosphate levels are too high.


Also, it is a good idea to shock your pool every week or two. What this means is you will overload the water with sanitizer to kill off any bacteria, contaminates, and organic matter.  Another important time to shock the pool would be after a storm, a spill, unexpectant contamination or an algae breakout.


If you follow these steps and establish a routine with your pool you will be able to have a crystal-clear pool to enjoy.  But remember if it becomes overwhelming just contact a pool maintenance provider and they will come out weekly or bi-weekly and take the job off your hands.


It Is Spring and Time to Open the Pool!!!

Step 1:  Clean up all debris and check for wear and tear.

Before the pool is opened you should take some time to check around the pool to make sure everything is in order.  Trim any overgrown trees and hedges.  Clean up and leaves, check the deck for any damage.  All these items should be done before you open the pool.  Also, you should make sure all the deck furniture is safe and ready to go as well as any pool equipment like rail, slides, ladders, diving boards and most important any rescue equipment you have.

Step 2: Pool Chemicals, take an inventory.

It is important that you have all your pool chemicals ready before you begin opening your pool.  Check expiration dates replace if past prime. Also replace any chemicals that were not stored properly.

Step 3: Remove the cover.

If you do not have an automatic pool cover you will need to do a few extra steps.  First water and debris can accumulate on any cover and need to be cleaned up before opening the pool, use either a pool cover pump or a shop vac to remove that dirty water and keep it out of your pool. Once you have removed the pool cover hose it off and do a thorough cleaning, then allow it to dry completely before storing it away. It needs to be stored indoors.


Step 4: Inspect the pool.

You will need to do a once over your pool to make sure everything is good to go.  Here are a few items to make sure are on your list,

  • Remove drain plugs or winterizing plugs from the surface skimmers and wall returns and restore directional fittings.
  • The filter, return lines, pump all needs to be inspected for any possible damaged or worn parts and either repaired or replaced.
  • Look for any chips around the pool on the deck or coping.
  • Check any tile and remove calcium scale and stains, you can use a household tile cleaner baking soda and a tile brush.
  • Check the inside of the pool for any cracks or damage and make necessary repairs. Hairline crack are normal in a fiberglass pool.  Because these pools have a gel coating these small cracks will not affect the integrity of your pool.  However, if your fiberglass pool has large cracks or holes you should call a pool repair specialist right away.  Improper winterizing can cause these problems to happen.


Step 5: Fill the pool to middle of the Waterline tile and complete final debris removal.

Step 6: Turn on the Pool Filter and Test the Water.

Almost ready to go, get the filter up and running.  Turn the filter on and run it for 12 to 24 hours to mix the old and the new water.  This should be done before testing the water and adding any chemicals.  If you do not feel comfortable testing the water, you can always take a sample to a pool professional for analysis.  Time to add the proper chemicals to get the water ready to enjoy.


First Time Pool Owner?

First let us say Congratulations! You have decided to invest into endless summers of fun. However, there are a few steps you will need to do to get the pool ready to enjoy.

  • You will need to balance total alkalinity; this is the starting point once this is balanced you will be able to measure other levels and keep in check.  If you need to raise total alkalinity that can be done with baking soda and to lower use muriatic acid.  Aim for a range of 80 to 120ppm.
  • Balance pH, you increase with soda ash or baking soda and decrease with muriatic acid.  Aid for a base level of 7.4.
  • Balance calcium levels can increase with calcium chloride be careful it is hard to decrease these levels better to go slow.  Your pool calcium levels should be between 200-400 ppm and your spa level should stay 150-250 ppm.
  • Now you will need to shock your pool.  First time it is best to double shock your pool. After shocking aim for chlorine to be at 10 ppm.
  • Now your pool should be ready to enjoy.  If there is any left-over cloudiness due to shocking the water, you can add some pool water clarifier. Test the water again to double check everything. ENJOY!


Time to Winterize Your Pool

The party is over for another year and it is time to start thinking of shutting down the pool.  It is especially important to make sure the water is balanced.  By making sure the water chemistry is where it needs to be you will avoid some labor-intensive maintenance when it is time to open the pool next spring.

  1. You may want to invest in some winterizing chemicals to keep your pool balanced and on track. Visit a pool professional retailer and learn more.
  2. Add a shock treatment, for best results you should shock a few days before you shut down your pool.
  3. Remove all skimmer baskets, heaters, slide, wall fittings, vacuums, pool cleaners, ladders, and handrails. Clean all these items completely and store away until next spring.  Once everything is out of the way remove all debris from the pool.


The best thing you can do to prepare for winter is to call the pros, every type of pool requires a different winterizing protocol.  Your pool is too big of an investment for it to not be treated correctly.


  1. Lower the water level. You can use your filter pump or a submersible pump to lower the water level.  It will need to be lowered to 4 to 6 inches below the lowest plumbing line, this is normally the water return line.  Make sure it is lower than the skimmer.  You can remove the above ground skimmer.
  2. Drain your Pool Pump, Filters, heaters and Chlorinating Equipment.  Either drain the water out of these or blow the lines out with a shop vac.  This is the time to clean your pool filter.  Cartridge filters must be thoroughly cleaned and allowed to air dry completely.
  3. If you have a chemical feeder drain and empty.  Never leave chemicals in during the winter it will damage your equipment.
  4. Use a winter cover
Categories Blog

Backyard Swimming Pools 4 Ways To Have More Fun

#1 Water Games

Your backyard oasis needs to have water games! The best accessory to your pool is a playful game that can entertain the family for hours. Water games, like a floating beer pong table, can be played with juice for the kids and beer for mom and dad. Rest assured, your family and friends will have a blast with a volleyball game set​ or a basketball set that will allow for hours of competitive and playful fun. Water games are perfect for birthday parties, family quarantine time and anytime you have friends over..

#2 Pool Loungers

Pool Loungers,  best to invest in something that you can use for your home vacations. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, all super unique to fit what you need. You’ll love loungers for the days you want to read while floating or basking in the sun. They are fabulous for relaxing and can be  something you can experience alone or with the family. According to Consumer Reports 2020, they reported, the number two pool lounger is the Intex Floating Recliner, it comes with a cup holder for those extremely yummy, refreshing Pina Coladas! You can always get an inexpensive one

but it would be best to invest something that can wear your year-round vacations.

#3 Backyard Grill

Everyone knows that a grill is essential in any type of home. Suns out Buns out! We love big buns with big and juicy grilled burgers around these parts! You can pair any of our Fiberglass Pools​ with Saber Grills and end with a beautiful duo. It is a great way to feed the family, and you can try out different recipes and experience a different culture. We checked out the grilled Hawaiian teriyaki chicken skewers​ on Pinterest; they look so yummy and mouth-watering. No idea where to start, take a moment to use Pinterest to find different types of recipes for your new grill! Feel free to look through our gallery ​to find more inspiration on your back yard oasis.

#4 Fire Pit

When the sun sets and the night is still young, the best way to end the night is roasting smores over a fire pit. That’s right, a fire pit! The best part of those cool summer nights is standing over a fire to stay warm while indulging in the best campfire desserts. With the pit, which can be a DIY project or purchased, you can have a year-round experience even in the winter months! Gatherings that will create memorable, cozy experiences for the kids, the pit will serve many purposes, and great stories will be told around it. Place your fire pit near your pool so at night the kids can dry off and enjoy delicious smores!

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